ICCROM Mora Samples Collection
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Abu Oda: MRA-EGY-Oda004

Type Sample Item

Sample ID


Sample Material Type


Sample Sub-type


Geographic Location

Abu Oda


Egypt (EGY)
Shrine of Amon-Ra and Thoth

Historical note about the site/monument

The Amun Ra (or Amon-Ra) and Thoth temple, at Abu Oda (Nubia), north of the Second Cataract, was a rock monument, built under the reign of Horemheb, the last pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt (around 1319 BC and 1292 BC). The monument was decorated by scenes of a ritual nature, depicting Horemheb amongst several gods, such as Amun, Thoth, Horus, and the pharaoh Ramses II. Nowadays only fragments of this temple remain, since it has been completely destroyed by the waters of Lake Nasser (Saad-el-Ali), in the 1960’s.

Further reading:
Dodson, Aidan, Amarna Sunset: Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter-Reformation, Cairo New York, The American University in Cairo Press, 2009.
Török, László, Between two worlds: the frontier region between ancient Nubia and Egypt 3700 BC – AD 50, Leiden, Brill, 2009.

Chronological period (sample)

13th-14th century BC